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METROPOLITAN iCBSBHVATIOKS FLORA. 

tor* 3soc £. Davenport, 67 Valley street. Medford has eonsanl- 
od to take charge of the special work on the following families: 

SQ.UISETACSAS 

FILICES 

LYCOPODIACEAE 

ISGSSES 

MARSlLtACSAE 

The primary object in collecting tho Ptsridophytes being te 
ascertain the character and extent of their distribution within 
the limits of tho reservations, only sufficient material is re- 
quired to insure positive identification, and. for permanent, preser- 
vation in herbarium form for future reference and record. 

It being the intention to preserve r-- " exxr:r.ng and to 
restore original conditions as far as pess^oxo, discretion should 
be exercised in collecting 'sp-ooinons of rare plants so as not to 
jeapordioo the continued oxistanco of the plant by disturbing 

root-growth. „ . . ... ., 

It is not likely that many forms will bo found within these 
limits whoso character may not be accurately ascertained from 
published descriptions, or specimens in existing herbaria so that 
the necessity for securing many duplicate specimens does not exist* 
In the case of fern-forms single fronds will oft on suffice, al- 
though complete plants are always more satisfactory .whenever it is 
possible to have them-. 

Two new fern-forms ought to be found and are to be sought 
for within our limits. One, a hybrid between Aspidium marginal© 
and Aspidium cristatum is to bo locked for in the same locality 
with these two species, ' and may be described briefly as a form of 
oristatum with ..the long acuminate upper pinnae and rootstcck of 
m&rginalo. The other is intermediate between Asspidium 
Thelyptoris and Aspidium Nova-boraocnse, and has apparently al- 
ready boon collected onco— a single frond only— somewhere near 
Bear Hill in Stonoham by tho late E. H* Hitching^, tt has the 
texture and venation of Nova-bcraecnso but tho lower pinnae are 
scarcely shorter than those of Tholyptoris- 

These and other forms may reward a diligent searcher. 
Per collecting nothing can bo bettor than a portfolio filled. 
with old soft newspapers interspersed with sheets of plain soft 
white paper for delicate plants between which the specimen should 
be carefully arranged with a ticket on which should be written at 
the time of collecting, the date, locality, character of locality. 
characteristics of the plant, abundant or otherwise, with such 
information as may help determine ext4nt of distribution, or one 
might book under tho number given to a specimen the information a** 
and in that way be able to add a note every time the same plant 
was met with and so enable its frequency or scarcity to be dear- 
mined with greater certainty* - , k . , 
Specimens nay be sent ftr identification ax any umo, ana 
assistance and information will bo cheerfully given whenever needed* 



METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA 

Stir. Prank S« Cellins Maiden, Mass., has consented to take 
charge ©f the special work on the following family: 

ALGAE 

Collectors may send, specimens to him for determination and 
preservation and all communications concerning euch specimens and 
this family may be addressed t© hire 97 Dexter street, Maiden. 
Ultimately all observations on this family will be placed in his 
hands so that ho may prepare the report upoa it » 

Mr a Collins has prepared the following suggestions for 
collectors:- 

Algao are to be found "wherever there is moisture; on wet 
rocks, moist ground; even on the bark of trees; but much the larger 
number of. species actually under water. In early spring, rmsnisig 
brooks are the most promising localities; later in the season, & 
mere abundant florae will bo found in ponds* In still water, looss 
floating masses of varying shades of green are found: omly the 
practised collector ean distinguish the different kinds at sight, 
and even then only vaguely, careful microscopic examination iss 
necessary for their determination. 

Other species will be found farming fringes on varieus ®bj ecta 
sticks, water-plants etc, these are generally different from th« 
loosely floating forms . Others/grow on stones, often as a dense 
coating, sometimes as scattered gelatinous masses, from almost 
invisable. size t© half an inch in diameter; color varying from 
pale green. to almost black > 

In hot weather especially, a seurn is often formed on p^nds, con- 
sisting of inconceivable numbers of .. extremely minute algeae. Wet 
rocks especially when facing the North, or so sheltered as net to 
be exposed to the sunshine, often have in places a gelatinous 
coating, consisting of algae, usually of the lower types. 

These different algae require different kinds of treatment 
fur preservation as specimens; .but it is a universal rule that for 
purpeses of study and identification, fresh material is much Matter 
than any preparation. 

Nearly all fresh water algae will keep in fair condition 
for a day or two if put in clean water; a small battle ean be sent 
by mail if securely »l®scd and paeked in a tin ©r weeden box; er a 
ama.ll block ©f wood tan be used, a round hole bored in it to just 
admit the \sottle, the mouth of the hole olosed by a cork; this 
bleok ean be mailed withotit packing. 



Where sending this way would take a© imaeh tine that the 
materia} would pro'fcably spoil, instead of water use a mixture of 
equal parts of w'dtor and alcohol; this destroys the color, bvit 
preserves the structuro for examination at any time 

Species belonging to the Nostoeaceae, using this word with 
the same extension as in the "Middlesex Flora", ean be examined 
quite well after being dried in a thin layer on paper or mica; but 
sueh herbarium specimens of other algae are generally unsatisfactory 
the shape of the cell and the arrangement of its contents being 
much changed in drying. It is well, however, to have such speci- 
mens in addition to fresh or alcohol material. 

Sterile specimens of species of Vauoheria, Oedogoniaceae 
and Conjugata generally are worthless for determination, butit is 
always difficult, often impossible to tell whether a plant is in 
fruit except by microscopio examination. It may be noted however 
that usually the plant in its vegetative (sterile) eonditicn is 
of a deeper and richer green, and is generally a handsomer object 
than in the fruiting condition. As it is s© difficult to toll what 
is and what is not of value, the safest way, in case of doubt, is 
to collect too much rather than too little. 

Algae growing on moist and dripping rocks should be carefully 
scraped off with a knife, they are usually of kinds that can be 
preserved to advantage en paper or mi«a. 

Every specimen should be accompanied by a record of the 
name of the collector, and of the exact loeality and date of 
collection; the- charge, or ef the station should also be indicated, 
for instance; dear running brook; dripping rock; swamp; bark of 
white oak; ete», etc. 



FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 



LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 

EDWARD D.BOLTON, WARREN H. MANNING. 

Superintendent of Construction. Superintendent of Planting. 

Brook l1 nh,M A ss. M& y» 25 > I 894 - 

METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA. 

Dr. Chas. W. Swan, No. 79 Worcester, St. Boston, Mass., has con- 
sented to take charge of the special work on the following families: - 

Juncaceae Rush Family 

Cyperaceae Sedge Family 

Graminaae Grass Family 

Collectors may send specimens to him for determination and pres- 
ervation and all communications concerning such famxiXKx specimens 
and these families may be addressed to him. Ultimately all observa- 
tions on these families will be placed in his hands so that he may 
prepare the report upon them. 

Dr. Swan has prepared the following suggestions for collectors: - 

Grasses should be collected in flower; sedges and rushes in 
fruit, and all with roots or rootstocks except in the case of heavy 
tussocks when the entire culm will suffice. Over-ripe specimens 
may be collected additionally for perfect fruit. 

The best method is to collect in moderately thin folded sheets 
in the portfolio, and several specimens of a kind should be preserved 

If the sheets are too thin their flacidity makes difficult, h 
handling, and handling is further facilitated by a single stiff 
sheet which marks the place of deposit of the last filled sheet, and 
is drawn from under and placed upon each accession, the process being 
begun at the back of the book. Some attempt should be made at ar- 
rangement having in view the size of an herbarium sheet (11^ x 16fc 
inches ), and the leaves should be laid as flat as possible. Driers 
in the portfolio are injurious, as they take up moisture before pres- 
sure and are liable to cause shrivelling. The portfolio should be 
treated not as a press, but as a vasculum. Plants should be trans- 
ferred in the original sheets to driers and moderate pressure on the 
evening of the day of collection, and so ultimately dried before 
being sent to the curator. 

Upon the sheet containing each plant should be written the date 
of collection, name of collector, precise geographical locality, geo- 
logical characteristics, nature of the soil, whether high or low, 
dry, moist or submersed, rocky, sandy, loamy or peaty, by human habi- 
tation or far from them, by roadsides or in fields, in sun or shade 
or depth of forest, frequency of occurence, whether solitary or with 
fellows, mode of occurence, whether tufted or individually, and rem 
marks may be made upon the association of the species. 

It is not expected that the collector shall be burdened with all 
these details in every instance, but that he shall give such of them 
as he is conveniently able to do as varietal differences frequently 
depend upon habitat. Plants may also be sent unprepared in a moist 
box when time presses or at the choice of the collector. When other 
means are not at hand, specimens may be placed in the folds of a 



dampened newspaper which should then be 
venient mailing and sent promptly. 



folded or rolled for con- 



Identification will be furnished, not always at once, if dif- 
ficult, to those desiring their contributions named. If the amount 
of material sent m should prove very large, detailed work upon it 
may have to be deferred till the collecting season is over. 



FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 

. LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 

EDWARD D.BOLTON, WARREN H.MAN N ING, 

Superintendent of Construction. Superintendent of Planting. 

Brookline ' Mass - May, 25, 1894. 



Dear Sir:- By direction of Messrs. Olmsted, Olmsted & 
Eliot, Landscape Architects to the Metropolitan Park Commission, I 
am collecting the material for a forest survey, flora and fauna of 
the Blue Hills, Middlesex Fells, Stony Brook and Beaver Brook reser- 
vations. You have kindly offered to assist in the preparation of 
the flora and I am sending with this a set of maps of the above re- 
servations and a permit to collect. 

To secure uniformity, brevity and economy of space, abbrevia- 
tions indicating the following terms are recommended to be used:- 
c. common; f. frequent; o. occasional; r. rare. 

It is understood that the terms are to have the following meaning 
when used in referring to plants. 

Common (c) having a nearly even distribution over all surfaces of a 
similar character, within the area specified. 

Frequent (f) found frequently in masses or as individual plants but 
not evenly distributed over surfaces of a similar character within 
the area specified. 

Occasional (o) found only occasionally in different parts of the 
reservation where the conditions are favorable. 

Rare(r) found only in one or a few places within the reservation. 

If a plant is commom (c), frequent (f) or occasional^) through 
the area referred to, where the conditions are favorable, nothing m 
more than the abbreviation an and indication of the locality will 
be required. If it is common in one locality and not in another this 
should be specified. The locality for rare plants should be speci- 
fied ( not necessarily for publication). 



2. 

The maps are marked with 500 foot squares and reference letters 
and numbers which can be used to locate the position of the area 
occupied by a plant approximately if it cannot be indicated briefly 
by reference to the topographical features. Usually, localities 
and areas can be identified by referring to well known features 
which are indicated on the plan ( or which should be added to it), 
together with with the abbreviations for the points of the compass, 
N., S.? E., W., etc. For example, "throughout valley " between 
certain hills, or along a certain stream, or on the ¥, slope of a 
certain &ill , etc. 

It will be the aim to include in the flora all plants that are 
now growing, or that are known to have been found growing, within 
the reservations, including adventives. The history ofi exterminated 
and adventive plants with authorities for the same, and a reference 
to an existing plant in some herbarium should be given if possible. 
It is desirable that herbarium specimens shall be preserved of 
all the plants found growing in the reservations, and it is deemed 
essential that specimens of rare plants or those that run any chance 
of being exterminated shall be preserved. 

Mr. N. T. Kidder of Milton, Mass., has very kindly offered to 
preserve the identity of specimens from the Blue Hills and Stony 
Brook reservations, and to care for them in his herbarium which will 
ultimately be deposited with some well established society. 
Mr. Prank S. Collin of Maiden, Mass., who is the custodian of the 
Middlesex Institute herbarium, on which the Middlesex Flora is based 
has kindly consented to preserve the identity of species from the 
Fells and Beaver Brook reservations and to place them in this her- 
barium. 



3. 

The importance and value of the flora which it is proposed to 
prepare will be recognized when it is understood that it is to be 
made in connection with a study of the soil and rock formation and 
geological history of the areas included as well as the forest con- 
ditions and the fauna. 

In the forest study the distribution, character and condition 
of the forest trees and ground cover, and the natural and artificial 
influences and conditions that are repponsible for this distribution 
and condition are to be considered and from the information thus 
gained it is to be determined how best to manage the material on 
the grounds so that Nature will be assisted in the restoration of a 
permanently good and attractive forest and ground cover. 

Any information as to the flora will have a direct bearing upon 
this study. It should be distinctly the purpose in all these obser- 
vations and notes on whatever lines directed, to determine as accura 
tely as possible the present condition of and the present life and 
its distribution on the reservations, and the reasons for this con- 
dition and distribution so that a comparison may be made in the 
years to come to determine how far an intelligent effort to prevent 
the destruction of Nature's work will have changed the character 
and present distribution, and added to the life upon these areas, 
and also to study the directions and the reasons for any such changes 
that may take place. 

With all this in view it will be desirable that particulars 
like the following shall be noted in connection with the preparation 
of the flora. 



4. 
Is a plant increasing or decreasing in numbers ? If so, why ? 
If a plant known to have been growing in previous years has 
been exterminated, state year of extermination and cause of same. 

How and in what year were adventive or introduced plants brought 
in ? 

Make note of plants found in unnatural, conditions as to soil or 
situation with apparent reason for same. 

Do certain plants appear periodically with an interval of more 
than one year. 

Note abnormal forms of any plants and their constancy. 

Note year and season of any fires, cuttings or clearings in any 
part of reservations and the dates when any cultivated or pasture 
lands were abandoned; also when and where home settlements were made 
and when they were abandoned, etc. etc. 

The value of the proposed flora and fauna of the Metropolitan 
Park Reservations will be much enhanced if reports, notes and lists 
pertaining to the various branches are prepared by specialists and 
if there is at the same time an understanding among the naturalists 
who assist in the undertaking that specimens and notes pertaining to 
such special work are to be sent to the individual in charge of it. 

By such an arrangement the work can be better organized for thos 
assisting will be more likely to concentrate their efforts upon the 
lines of work they were best prepared to undertake. They can, at 
the same time, collect an forward specimens and notes pertaining to 
the work of the specialists which would not otherwise be collected if 
they could not be thus definately disposed of to advantage. This 



5. 
Would give general collectors an opportunity to add to ti;eir knowl- 
edge and they would thus secure credit for the collection of speci- 
mens which they would not ordinarily secure, and the specialists 
would be able to secure more assistance, more material and better 
results. Such an arrangement would also permit of the separation 
and publication of such special reports for distribution independent- 
ly of the Park Commissioners' reports if it was deemed to be advisa- 
ble. 

There will be sent to all who are to collect specimens and 
notes the names of those who are willing to undertake such special 
work, and these specialists will be asked to prepare brief instruc- 
tions for collecting specimens to guide those who are to assist them. 

Occasional meetings of those who are directly connected with 
the work will be called for reports of progress, for discussion and 
for exchange of specimens and notes. 

I shall be much pleased to receive any suggestions that will 
facilitate, or in any way improve the work proposed. 

It is hoped that it will be possible to bring together enough 
information within a year to prepare a preliminary list of plants. 

Any assistance will be fully appreciated and every effort will 
be made to so conduct the work and to sectire such results that those 
taking part will secure an adequate return for the time devoted to 
the work. 

Yours truly, 



FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLE5 OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED.OLMSTED & ELIOT, 



LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 

EDWARD D.BOLTON, WARREN H. MANNING. 

Superintendent of Construction Superintendent of Planting. 

Brook Li n e, Mass. 

METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA. 

Meeting at Beaver Brook reservation May, 26, 1894. 

Mrs. P. D. Richards, Miss C. M. Endicott, Messrs N. T. Kidder, 
Chas. ¥. Swan, Wm. P. Rich, T. 0. Puller, E. L. Rand, P. S. Collins, 
L. L. Dame, S. Burrage, G. L. Chandler, Chas. Eliot, H. Horton, V, r . 
H. Manning were present. 

A statement as to the extent of the reservations that had been 
taken, the intention of the Commission with reference to their main- 
tenance, and remarks as to the maps showing the topography, roads 
and paths and the preliminary lists pertaining to the Flora and 
Fauna which it is intended to include in the next annual Report of 
the Commission were made by Mr. Eliot. 

It was suggested that notes on the cards be turned in as they 
were made from time to time without attempting to correct repititioms 
or to re- write, leaving this to be done by the editors. This is a 
matter however that would be governed by the preferences of each 
botanist. 

It was decidedly the sentiments of the majority of those pres- 
ent that it was best to have in view the ultimate preparation of a 
complete herbarium of the plants growing in each of the reservations. 

Those present occupied themselves in botanizing within the re- 
servation. 

In view of the decision that it was advisable to make complete 
collections, it seems best that each one taking part in this work 
should give their especial attention to and be responsible for the 
collection of the members of a family or families, until they are 
all assigned. In this way the collection of many duplicates will 
be avoided. 

It is expected that all collectors will send specimens of, or 
call attention to rare plants in any family, to those who may have 
the family in charge. 

At present the following assignments have been made and accept- 
ed. 

Equisetaceae 
Filices 

Lycopodiaceae Mr. Geo. E. Davenport, 

Isoeteae 67 Valley St. Medford, Mass. 

Marsiliaceae 

Compositae Mr. Merritt Lyndon Fernald, 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mass. 



2. 

Algae -—-..-.._ Mr# p rank s . Collins, 

97 Dexter St. Maiden, Mass. 

Juncaceae 

Cyperaceae -Dr. Ghas. W. Swan, 

79 Worcester St. Boston, Mass. 
Grammeae 

Ericaceae _C. g. French, 

Brookline, Mass. 

I would be obliged if each one to whom this is addressed who 
has not already offered to be responsible for special work would in- 
dicate families which they are willing to give their special attention 
%o • 

Yours truly, 



N. B. The following abbreviations are recommended for use:- 
c, common; f. frequent; o. occasional; r. rare ( See letter explain- 
ing purpose of flora for meaning of terms. ) 
E. East; W. West; N. North; S. South; etc. 

£. Blue Hills; B. B. Beaver Brook; M. Middlesex Pells; S. Stonv 
Brook. — 



fl. flower fr. fruit; If. leaf; rt. root. 



FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 



LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 
Brookline, Mass. 



EDWARD D.BOLTON, WARREN H. MANNING. 

Superintendent of Construction , Superintendent of Planting. 



METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS RLORA. 
Meeting at the "Cascade", Middlesex Pells, &a&-±, ISS4 . 

Miss ■> M. Endicott, Miss Agnes W. Lincoln,. J'esars. K. T. 

Kidder, Geo- E- Davenport, 'Frank 3. Collins, Charles W. Janks, 
Warren H- Manning and Herbert A« Korton v?ere present. 

Reports of progress were made and a walk of about four miles 
was taken; a list of all species met with was prepared and the less 
common ones were collected. 





Hot »{ 



It is desired that each collector send at an early date %'m 



A 



specimens they have preserved from each reservation so that a list vn£ 
may bo prepared for distribution at or before the next meeting to 
guard against the collection of duplicates. 

It is intended that the next meeting will be an "all day" 
one on labor Day in the Blue Hills with about an eight mile walk, 
notice of which with details will be sent later. 






FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 



EDWARD D.BOLTON, WARREN H. MANNING, 

Superintendent of Construction. Superintendent of Planting. 



LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 
Brookline, Mass. 

An;: ting of those 'inter oct ;.d in tho Metropolitan Park 
Flora is willed for Labor Day, Soptombor 3d, to bo hold in tha 
Bluo Hills Roa<»rvation< 

The train 1 oaring the Old Colony Dupot at 8:17 for Wo at 
Quinsy wj.11 be tha one taken- 

Prow Wost Quinsy tho walls vill bo through the Reservation 
to Hougfttsn'e Pond via; Bunker Hill Ian;', Babul Rock, south end 
of Rattlesnake and V/ampavack Ili.llo to tho Qui nay and Braintree 
bound; thones along tho swamp to tho Bluo Kill Riv«r and up the 
Bluo Hill Rivwr volley to Houghton's -r Hoosicwhisick Pond to 
tho Club Hows a whoro a barge will moot tho party in time to eatfih 
tho 5:38 train at fly do. Park for Buoton. 

This route iiao boon a. looted because the swamps r.ro S3 
dry xhoy can bo easily examined" 

Tho walk will be about six mil-:; a lnsg; oho firs- third ovor 
trio hills and. thJ balance ovvr lov.fl ground" 

Each member of the parcy is -xp-ctod to provide his own 

lunch* 

If the day is v/ot the snooting will be hold in the library 
of tho horticultural Ruons at 9 o'clock in the morning. 

At this mooting a list of plants of which herbarium speci- 
mens hare boon cell end in the various Res : : rvati-..ns will bo 
handed to oach raombor so so to guard agoinst the collecting of 
duplicate specimens > 

.Wan- on H. hanuing, 
by H. A. Ilortun. 



METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA. 
Meeting at Blue Kill Reservation, September 3rd, 1S§4. 

Miss C/M. Endicott, Miss Frances Zirngiebel Messrs. Geo. 
I. Davenport, Urn. P. Rich, T. 0. Fuller, Severance Burr ago, H. A. 
Furdy, Charles W. Jenks, Dr. J. R. Webster, E. F. Williams, Dr. 
Kennedy, Charles Q. French, ». W. Gay, P. Gallagher and Warren 
H. Manning were present. 

Reports from members indicate that a large amount of work 

has been done and that it will be practicable to bring together 

preliminary 
the material for the preparation of a list during the coming Fall 

and Winter. 

The most interesting botanical discovery was Aspidium .simu- 
latum made by Mr. Davenport, a new species a description of which 
he is about to publish. 

Yours truly, 

Warren H. Manning, 
by H. A. Horton. 



METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA. 

Dec. 15th, 1394. 

Will you please complete yoiir metropolitan Plara notes 
at an early date on one of the set3 of cards, if you havs gne, 
and forward to me. Those who have not yet been supplied with cards 
will receive them as soon as sets are turned in. 

If there are notes of localities that you would prefer not 
to have generally known, please place a red i&k cross i» the right 
hand tipper corner of the card or note and I will see that they are 
not distributed. 

If it is easier for you to turn in your notes in manuscript 
please do so and they will be transferred to eards here. 

It is proposed to compile a preliminary manuscript list to 
be issued before the collecting season opens. As this involves con- 
siderable labor it is very desirable that the notes be all turned 
in at an early date in ©ne form or another.. 

A mooting will be called in January to discuss the nature 
of this preliminary list and to talk over the coming reasons work 
during which we must make our notes as complete as practicable 
so that the results may be published in the Metropolitan Park 
Commissioners Report a year from this time* 

H summary of the suggestions contained in the letter of 
May 25th, 1894 is added: 

Flora to include all plants now growing, or known te have 
been growing in each reservation including adventi vos . 

Maps sent out are marked with 500fcet squares, reference 
letters and numbers to locate position of the, area occupied by a 
plant approximately if it cannot be indicated briefly by reference 
to the topographical features. 

^W^/If a plant growing in previous years is exterminated with 
year of extermination and cause of same. 

Kow and when were advent ive or introduced plants brought in? 

Hots plants found in unnatural conditions as to soil or 
situation with apparent reason.. 

Note if any plants appear periodically with intervals of 
more than one year. 

Note abnormal forms and their canstancy . jl£^-,J^E^- 
Abbreviations recommended for use-- 
c« common; f. frequent; o. occassional; r> rare; 
E. East; ¥. West; -M« North; S. South; 

B. Blue Hills; B. B. Beaver Brook; U* Middlesex Fells; S. Stony 
Brook; 
fl. flower; fr. fruit; If. leaf; rt« root > 

Yours truly, 

Warren H* Manning, 

by K. A* Horv on» 



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FREDERfCK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELIOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 

EDWARD D.BOLTON. WARREN H. MANNING. 

Superintendent of Construction. Superintendent of Planting. 

Brookline, Mass. 



(••■ MTROPOLiTAN RESERVATIONS ELORA. 

July 9th 1895. 

A meeting is called for Saturday July I3th» Leave- Union Station at 
2 PM. change at Winchester arrive at Gross at. at 2:24= Erom Cross siuy^u 
will include No. Dam, Willow Spring, Great Neck. Cedar Swamp, Nofcth L'eadox 
Cubby Hole, Wamoset Kill, Emerson at. to Melrose Station; -a tramp of about 
five miles. Ample opportunity to collect in meadows for those hav^ na 
rubber-boots. " ^ 

Fifteen were present at the meeting in Stony Brook Reservation June /If • 
ihe most interesting finds were made by Mrs.PattersOn and Mr®, Seymour rho 
detected a fungus belonging to a group which had not before been' found *i r 
America on the leaves of Alnus, ana other rare and interesting species* 



Miss Clara E>Cummings, Wellesley, Mass* ,has consented to become 
risible for the determination of the lichens found found within the Metro- 
politan Reservations 



-0- 



Miss Cora H. Clarke, Magnolia, Mass,, vnll bs responsible for *** 
determination of the Hepaticae. responsible fox the 

Mrs. Cora E. Pease, Maiden,' Mass?/ Phanerogams 

Miss Jennie F. Conant, Melrose, Hass= . Gmtot^T' 

will r.i°" ert ?! Macadaffi . Bantaaket Beask Mass, , Tl elhytt^ 
arill assist m tne preparation of the Metropolitan Reservatio^ 



ons Flora* 

o 



Warren Ko Manning, 



FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED. JOHN CHARLES OLMSTED. CHARLES ELtOT. 



OLMSTED, OLMSTED & ELIOT, 

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS. 



EDWARD D.BOLTON, . WARREN H. MANNING. 

Superintendent of Construction. _ Superintendent of Planting. 

Brookline, Mass. 



METROPOLITAN RESERVATIONS FLORA 



October 8th 1895 . 



Will you please send, in at an early date any plants that you may 
have collected for tne Metropolitan Reservations Flora so that I nay dis- 
tribute thorn, when necessary to those who are to be responsible for the 
determination of the different families . Will yoy also make your notes 
in the Preliminary List which you have and return the list as soon as you 
are able., so that a comp elation may be made for the forthcoming Annual 
Report of the Metropolitan Commissioners . In making your notes kindly sr: 
supply omissions and correct errors in the present list . 

Yours truly, 

War r en H ..Manning, 
by JC . 



Alopecurus genlculatus, I*. Swamps. 

M . , • 

Alopecurus pratensis, L. , 6pen fields* 

BB.,f. , coll. 

/ilyssurr. maritimum, Planted. 
B. ,r. 

Amarantus retroflexus, L. , Roadsides & about buildings. 
B. , r. , colL fl. M.,o., 

Ambrosia artemisiaefolia.L. 
B. , c. , coll. fl. M.,o. 

Amelanchier Canadensis, Torr.& Gray., Plants scattered in wet, & dry land. 
B.,f. , Herb.QGK. M, , f . , coll. fr. S.,o., B3.,o. 

Amelanchier Canadensis, Torr. & Gray, var. oblongifoiia, Gray. 
B.,f.,Herb.JRC. M.,o. 

Ampelopsis quinquefolia, Michx., Rocky moist woods. 

B.,f. M.,f. S.,o. BBy, o. 

Amphicarpaea monoica, Ell., Woods. 

B.,f.,coll. M.,f. S.,o.,coll. 

Anaphalis margaritacea, B.& H. , Dry open woods and fields. 
B.,c, coll.fl. M., f. ,coll.fl. 

Andreaea petrophila, Ehrhart. 
• , r « , He .' • * ' » j? . 

Andreaea rupestris, Turner. 

B.,r. S.,r. 

Andromeda ligustrina, Muni./ Thin woods and moist land. 

B. , c , coll. fr. M» , c« « S.,c BB. , c 

Andropogon furcatus, Muhl. 
B.,o., Herb.GGK. 

Andropogon scoparius, Michx., Hills, poor fields. 
B.,f. , coil. M. o. , Herb. M.I. 

Andropogon Virginicus, L. 
B.,r., Herb.JRC. 

Anomodon attenuatus, Hueben. 
B. , c 



Anomodon obtusifolius, Br.& Schimp. 



S. ,r. 



Anomodon rostratus, Schimper. 

B. , c. S. , c< 




I • 


















V '■ s 



.....■• hut 






. 















\ 



&IST 0? HER3ARIUV. SPECn U 

! CO :.'■;.. ; ,AA i ; ia.3 KETEOPOLK 

B iii>ic 

I?, R « ' fcV or Br^efc 



lis raicn have 



Acalypha Virginia a B = 
A< . -• 'i niiL: D » 

Acorus !j i 3 . • ' 3 . 



Adi^ntw-i ;. . ?.tui.i D» 
A,/.m:. oni c Sup atyrj a B « 
Alisina p !-•.. :"•'., ■;:.;;'■.:■ vav"> Ari..rioarra 3 
Ambrusia art oral Ga.-ft.lir. E. 
Anp h i o c a rp ao a EK>n i s a B« S « 
And i o iti's da li^ustrina B - 
Anyone-; Virjiniana 3. I/« 
Anurfiwiisills thalio trcidos B. 
Ant onnsiris, liargiatacvi®, 3* 
Any eh i«. c5-r.pillc.cvp. B« 
Ap it, s tuberec:: ?. fl. 
Apocynui-.' 1 r.-idi-ufia-jnifulixJE, B. fr 



fl. 



-' - ^-. _ _ ... .'! - ... -* ,« T*> Ti .r» n 

/•iOuIj. C7.ll., a- £IJ L A..-. .i'Mbib u« £» » x ~L « 

Arali;. hispid; 3. 

Arali a nnC.i eaalie B ., If- B . 3 - fl- 
Ar:.lia ra c seicsc. B« •!.*• f 1 • 
Aret^staphyl-s Uva-urai 3= fr. 
Arenaria lateriflora B- 3- fl. 
Ar snar; 



pyllif. Ixr. 
triphyllun 



As el op i as incarnate* v;r« palchra 3. fr. fl- 
As lupins phyt ol&cooidoo 3« lf« fr. 



tali 



Asp 1 dZUK? EOT' OS t< IC-'lw 1 lie G 

Aspidiuci ci xr 4 

AspidicTr.i '1 li-.ilypt tiris ii » 

Asplonratn cjboneur.i 3. 

Aspl vniurn Filix-fooninc B» 

Aster c- rotai actus B , 

As tor tSuryr.'tbk. s as £.• » 

A a ;tr inf irnus S -- B . 



fl 

:h; 
1. 
If 



fl 



* „J. - y. v .- ■•■ , ,,- - *-' S fl « 

rib l» v-x __ j. Ij iJIiw-' -j = *-> • J. J- • 

3aptisia tine't--.ria 3. fr« 
Barb area vulgaris B. 3. fl. fr 
Bartu.aif. tone 11a B« 



--. . *.•*•> "I .- .- -' -. .-j " r j 1 "P 



; c -., ychivu:; t-jfM"uUn A » 
- ;,,-;.,!,-,;-; Vir^inianuEj B. 3. If » 
Cassandr ealyeulata S. fr. 
Cws.no thus ini'ji'ieanuG S. fr. 
Cclastrua seand&ns 3. If. 
Coi"i-''Cl£ ntr'as -.' ci ,Lont ali s !;° fl 



ri g :.'.-"■ 



lie, 



~ » f r . 

iz :: * f i . 
--. i'l. s. 



\ L x 'or., a .uui ..tinn; 

Closi&iis Vir-ini.' 
Clothrr. alni 
Cnicv.a laneo* 

Ccnandra ur.ibollat.wn B » fi 
Gc-'pt.is irifclir. 3. 
Cu ratio Cnr.ai :nsio 



fl. 
S. * fl. 



rnusi cii'cn 



1 J, . 



'-* X ~ it... i.- ... _; » 

' ' '! ■ •> . -i . I <• Q 



1T« }.!• fr. 

J..-X-J.UC B. If. 

Cvrnuc sorieca B« fr. S. if. 

Ccryclalic plains a B. M. 

CT-ctROjua o-xyoantha 3 . 2 . f i . 

Cuscuia Grunt, vi B. s, 

Cypripodiv-n aeaulu 3* fr. 

Dv::;i; ; .'. ; i"u ■ C' af>tl 'nisi s " -n 

D- S5;i.:,liUi . midif 1 ■.;!•■ 1V.1 1* , 

D^siaodiun audi fie rttfj '"hi to var. ;.:. 

D j sine di or p ana cu.2 a-tur, E » 

DcsrnudiiiKi rijidur; 25. 

Dbsuudiiir: rvcunJif ,liun 3. 2* 

De try chi'm;; jui'.U'cm: 3» 

Diekstinia piloeiuocula IT. If.. 

Dior-villa trifida 3, fr. 

I)i' o s e r a re t undi f <...- 1 i a 2 > 

Eludoa canpantilata B. fr. S. 

Evil~biur. cjifjustifwlium 5. fl. S. fl. 

Lpilobiuia Culoratun 2. 

Epii biura paluatro var. linuarc d. .Si 

E qui a-.; tun cylvaticura B. If. 

Eroctitcs hieracifwlia 2. fl. 

Erig'jrtn bollidifolius 2 « fl. d.B. 

T*v» i — ■■*. >v n «*~v*i f*r,flnc ""l 4*1 

Er i c e aul o a 3 op t onangul ar o d . 
Eur at , r i ura a o s s il i f o 1 iuri B . 
Eupat^riun purpurouni B« f 1 . 

Eu.plwr.bia jaaculaia B. 
Pracaria Virginiana 3 ». d. fl. 
Fr ax inns sazabueifelia d. 
Galo&pais To-;rad~t d. 
Galiun lane^olatura B. '.'. 

Galium j ri i' 1 6 r vuv; 2 « 

G aul t hv r i a p r •- c unb ens 3 > f 1 • 

Gayluoaacia frendesa B. fr-. 

Gayluscaeir. rusinoca i . • f r . S. fl. 

Goranium ar .. 1 ini anuri I.'. 

Goraniur, saaculatun I 

Goraniuia Kesb^rtiantas 

Gcrardia fldva d . ! 

G.-rardia : ^dicularia 



fl 



iuIc 2. fl. 



G c.i'C.r di ; 



aiif ilia 



Gorardia quorcjLfijliG 






Gn;.:v-'haliUM ] . lycophr. Ivors d . f 1 ■ K. 



Gnaphalia;'.-; ulijint.Gi3^ »•> 
Goodyors repons d. l£s 
Grati^la auroa d^ 



K:.b -:tt..-.r i r. f ir.ib i i :: •■ a 
I lab - tnt r i r. p a y e 1 >. d :• a • ! 
Hjd'jccK*. pv,J .-^it4»l "i.8 3 

Ho 1 i am. fcu a d i v *. r i c ; . ■:■ us 






N KjlianW 

IIi> i r.eiut . Gr>m.,vi 

Hi urae i im p .. ni ct.,2 

Hi «rr.oiun «c; bn2'- 

"Il.U'CVCi ■.;: ' V...Ti- !3 ..-„ 

•I. UGt- ni :. Cv fi*ul.; 
JlydrvGotrri . Ar..ri 

.ricis", G n 



..nc 






Hyi .ricuj-i nui" cilia-. 



^.i-iVi-r.vjr 

- :,. li*. 



fr. 

i f r . 
fl. 



• fr. 
fl. 
£r . 

• ill 



lyp.-i-icun 
Hypoxia .,-r 
XI x L ;labr 
Il"X v^rticillr-t: 
I;.:. :.i.i...nc faiv 
Iris pi'israv&ica 
Iris vui*L»ici,I-.-r 
Jv-jl ana ni^ra 3, 
Julians r., L ;i- : . ;:, ; , 
3;'lnia ^n$-au% if vliv, s. fl. 
Kalr.ia l;.iif ii Fr . 
Xraigia Virgin! ca B. fl, 
Lac ii uc a C axiad i ,-n t is B . 
Lochia major B. 
L £ c h « a m i no r 3 . J " . 
Lee ho a ;**jiuil\»lie 3. 
Leoruodon autumns lis B. fl, 
Leonoaus C&rdiacus 3. fi . 
Lapidiair. Virji-rjicura B. f i . 
Laapod-.isa capita; a 3. 
Lwspodaaa poly.stacliya 3. 
Losp.-d :za proeumbam 3. 

L:Jtjp-.{d-/3ja SwUVOi 3. 
LviSp -u :3C VtCiSC .? S. fi . 
L--UGOi, i iC.: r.-.c DOSu 13. I'l*. 
LigUtf.:.naj3 vul^aj- :s 3. fr. 
Liiiujn Phi And *lp hi cutis 3.. i'r 
Linai'ia Canau nsis 3. f :• . 
Lind re H.nzoin 3. fr. 
Linus*; Virjinianun p.. 
Lobelia cardinal! a 3 
Lob k. i i .:. inf las a 3 . 1 
Lycopodiuju elnvcaAun • 
Ly cop odium d -.-ndro id-out 
Ly c o; od xuni 1 uc i dulvurs 3 . 
Lycupua tinxia-'-Uw 3. 
Lycupus Yirginicus 3. r, 
Lysinv. chia quadrifoli - 3. i'r 

L** *. VV*M '.»■■; V- 

F dica^o iupuiin.- 

..irn Aia .ric muia 



IV . 



s. 



i'l 



fl* 

- fl. 

3. 



S. 



u.cpifoliun 



1 "JTiP *'■' 



fB.ift.h Can:\d'--nciis ■ . fl. 
Fiknnin acand na 3. Tl« 
I: ifciUlus i-in^-jfia 3. 
P -itch,. 11 r. r..p hg 3. fv. 
Kono i.i'opa anifl^-ra 3. fr 
L-yocotis palus»ri'ti 3. B ., fl 
l.yoaov ib v rnv. 3v B v 



i. j. • 



V 



4, 



, , i j . 



.enifwli 



f ! 



If 



:VL«L 



•'••:...;!;,}---,•-; C ana &-:-ns i S 3. If 
;.;-. I.'Iiil~- iflora S« If 



n..- 



PodiC'alaris uana! 
Poltr/ndrc. undul 



If ■ 
B ■-. . i l' 



." i c u . . 



i - p „ 



p 



uOincea uuu. 



Pirus arbiriifolxa v'.r 



; i' » I.V..--L. 



jc I ant, ag o ±a.no .. j i.. 1 . *. -. L.» 

Plant-ago major I:. 
Polygala sangiun-a B- 
^olvr-ls v.rticillata I 
Poiygcnat'-iEi bli'lorurc ^B 

Polygonum arxfclium M; 

poiygon-irn atfiev-laria 



i'l- 



p, 



:. r . 



PrsriaixiJiT.cs ciuti - > , , 

Prccrapinacs paOLus»vis a> 
Prunus ptumia B. I - •• 

Pvcnanthemuni incanvtfh 3. 
P'-cnantheimira linifolitan E. 
Tvrola aliptr.ca i ., fi • 
Prvola roi.undjL±ol-a 
Cuprous ilicifclius 3'« f 1 - 
Or. arenas prinoidoe 3. IF 



o. 



uer 



i. ino iioi 



Evaii'-ui-t/ vi 



Raii'u *" " r x.us auu 






Ranua r '' 


; ms Peansy] 


.vaiixca 


Pa nu. - ■ 
F. q s c C ., 


us rep ens 
...utea 3 = 


j3 o 





fr . 


fr 


Q 


bud 




L* v'. 


If 


3 - 


f r . 



E ■ ■■ : ■ . , th«irt.iuw8 B fr. B..B. fl. 
Br, ' ' . ' B» 

Rhododendron ■■>' . s '.os van B •. fr . S. fl. 
Rhododendron •.> i r? c .sum var, glauaten B. If* S. f: 
'..-.■■ Ba s 3j o fl » 

. Br. If, B»B. fr. 
R hi J s a o x i o o d, end r o n B • If. 
Rhus ■ ■ nets B, If. 
Rosa lucida B, fr. U. fr, 
Rubus Canadensis £;B» 
Rubuu Occident alls B* fr 
Rtibus triflorurj B« fl» . 
Rubus villosus B-BB. fl.. 
Salix Bio color B. If. 
Salix hiamilJ «s 3. If. 
Salix ! ,ri st : ■•: r - ; 

k-1.- %JU iij U->.^ -m:; Ui. v 'lfi f .Lciio i. 

S arab u.c us raoe;;.o n u a 
Sangu.inra.ria Canadensis If. 
Sani cul ar Mar i landi c a 
Scutellaria later if loi 
3 a ne c i o aur e i •:• 3 -» B « f 1 . 
Silene antirrhina B fr. 
Silene Penn.sylvan.ic a 2»3« fl. 
Sisyrincbiurri angustif olium B.B. fl. 
Sium ci c ur a o folium SB fl 
Smilaeina biflorutn Dd» f 1 . 
Smilaciua racemosa 3,3. f 1 . 
Smilax r-otundif olia 2.3, fl. 
Solanura Dulcamara B. B.3. fr. 
Solanum ly'jcspermum B If. 

Solidago bi color var. aoncolor 3. f 1 . 
Solidago Canadensis var. procera B. f 1 , 
Solidago juuaea B. 
Solidago lanceolate B. fl. 
Solidago latifolia B. f 1 . 
Soli d ag o o d o r a 3 , 
Solidago serotina 3. 
Solidago ulrrd folia 3, 
Spiranthes gracilis 3* fl. 
Spiraea salioifolia B, fr, S. f 1 . 
S % e ir o n em cilia t um B . 
Sterionema lanceolatum So fl. 
Steliaria grarainea BB t 
Taoacetum vulgar e 3= fl« 
Taraxicurn officinale 3 .Bo 
Thal.i c^'.nir ft^rnut. i S.- fr. 
Trif olium agrariuni 3-. 
TrifoliuGi arvenais B. 
frifolium hybridum B.3» fl. 
Trifoliua; pratcnse B,B- f 1 . 
Typha angustif oils B. 
V" a e c i n ia m o or yssib o sun iBB. f 1 . 

eeinium maoroearpon S« fli 
Vaceinlttin r nuiayivauioua B. f r . 
VaPoini'Esi vacill&ns B. S. f r , 
VB.r:.r,rnr, /rad-r BB» f 1 . 



x Veronica oeutollasa. :i- ^*x> + 

• pyllifolia 3. B.B. 
Vibu ua aee'rifoliun B» fr. S. fr. 
Viburnum cassinoides 3. f r . 
Vib u i clent ".turn B* fr» B»B» lf» 
Viburnum ■ srAa^o B* fl» B»B* fl« 
Viburnum nudum B» fr. 
Vicia Graooa S* f 1 - 
Viola blanda B. fr» 3*3* fl. 
Viola cucullata white var. 3. fl. fr* 
Viola laneeolata B. fr* 3^.3 » fl* 
Viola prlinili folia E. fr. B*B» fl* 
Viola pub as eons 3»- ir. c»o« r J. • 
Viola sagittate 3, fr. 
Wocdaia Ilvenais B* 
Vfoodwardia aiv;ust.i folia 3* 
Woodwardia Virginica B* 
Xy r i s C a r o 1 i n i ana 3 * 



If. 



fl. 



Hot 3- 

romulPte s~>eeinens have no mark following the nane except 
the abbreviation of the Reservation where found. Those having 
only fruit flower or leaf ars followed by the abbreviation as 



folio vie : 
fr. fruit 
fl. flower 
If. loaf